Furniture and Fixtures, NEC

SIC 2599

Companies in this industry

Industry report:

This classification covers establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing furniture and fixtures, not elsewhere classified, including hospital beds and furniture specially designed for use in restaurants, bars, cafeterias, bowling centers, and ships.

According to Dun and Bradstreet's (D&B) 2009 Industry Reports, 2,104 establishments employed 23,794 people in the furniture and fixtures (not elsewhere classified) industry. Total revenues for 2008 were $5.6 billion. Texas accounted for the largest percentage of sales, with $2.0 billion, followed by Indiana ($1.6 billion). Rounding out the top five states in terms of revenues in this category were Illinois ($377.3 million), California ($280.7 million), and Mississippi ($282.2 million). California employed the most workers in the industry, with 2,857. Texas was a close second in terms of employment with 2,179 workers. Only three other states employed more than 1,000 workers in the category: Indiana (1,652), Florida (1,289), and Mississippi (1,132). Although a majority of establishments were small, employing fewer than 100 people, the few firms that had more than 100 employees accounted for about 75 percent of the nation's sales in the industry.

The manufacturing of furniture and fixtures in this category primarily arose to fill specific needs within the service industry market. For instance, after World War II the rise of bowling as a recreational sport necessitated the construction of a plethora of alleys across the United States to satisfy a growing demand. The factories and manufacturing plants that were built across the country also needed specific interior furniture for a wide variety of purposes, so this industry filled the needs of the growing industrial economy of the United States. Later, as orders for factory furniture declined due to the drop in overall manufacturing, the furniture and fixtures industry accommodated other segments of the economy. Hospital furniture manufacturing firms met the increased demand for new beds as medical facilities were built to serve more populous suburban communities. The growing consumer willingness to spend more entertainment dollars on dining out during the 1970s and 1980s fueled the construction of restaurants and the corresponding need for sturdy yet attractive furniture to fill them.

In the early part of the twenty-first century, nearly half of the industry's shipments were considered furniture for public buildings, such as restaurants and bowling alleys, with furniture for schools accounting for about 16 percent. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, shipments in this industry fluctuated in the 2000s, from $4.6 billion in 2002, down to $4.5 billion the next year, then up again to $4.7 billion in 2004. Based on figures from D&B, by 2008 total shipments were worth $5.6 billion.

Kinetic Concepts Inc. (San Antonio, Texas) was the largest company engaged primarily in the production of furniture and fixtures in this category. This hospital bed manufacturer had 6,900 employees and $1.8 billion in revenues in 2008, up significantly from about $764 million five years earlier.

Hill-Rom Inc., a subsidiary of Hill-Rom Holdings (Batesville, Indiana), was another leading hospital bed firm. It claimed top sales in the electrically powered bed category. Hill-Rom employed approximately 6,500 people in 2008 and reported annual sales of more than $1 billion in the early 2000s.

In the mid-1990s Kinetic Concepts and Hill-Rom each filed antitrust charges with the U.S. Department of Justice. Kinetic Concepts accused Hill-Rom of attempting to monopolize the hospital bed market, and Hill-Rom countered by alleging that Kinetic Concepts was trying to monopolize the therapeutic bed market. In September 2002, a jury found in favor of Kinetic Concepts, ordering Hill-Rom to pay $173.6 million in damages.

Other large companies competing in the hospital furniture sector of this industry included Invacare Corp. (Elyria, Ohio), with sales of $1.7 billion and 6,100 employees in 2008, and Kimball International Inc. (Jasper, Indiana), with sales of $1.2 billion and 6,164 employees in 2009. Shelby Williams Industries Inc. (Morristown, Tennessee), a subsidiary of Commercial Furniture Group (Morristown, Tennessee), manufactured furniture for restaurants and hotels.

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