Terminal and Service Facilities for Motor Vehicle Passenger Transportation

SIC 4173

Companies in this industry

Industry report:

This industry includes establishments primarily engaged in the operation of motor vehicle passenger terminals and of maintenance and service facilities not operated by companies that also furnish motor vehicle passenger transportation. Establishments that are owned by motor vehicle passenger transportation companies and are primarily engaged in operating terminals for use of such vehicles are classified in the same industry as establishments providing motor vehicle transportation. Separate maintenance and service facilities operated by companies furnishing motor vehicle passenger transportation are treated as auxiliaries. Establishments that provide motor vehicle maintenance or service for the general public are classified in various automotive repair industries, such as SIC 7533: Automotive Exhaust System Repair Shops and SIC 7538: General Automotive Repair Shops.

The majority of motor vehicle passenger terminals and maintenance facilities in the United States, whether their mode of transportation was bus, train, or some other method, were owned and operated by companies that also were directly involved in the transport of passengers. As a result, the terminal and service facility operations of those companies--like bus transportation leader Greyhound Lines Inc. and railway leader Amtrak--are included among their overall transportation services and are classified with those services, rather than in this industrial classification.

The independent facilities in this industry have suffered from steadily waning intercity bus use. Back in the 1920s, more than 4,000 intercity bus companies operated in the United States, and by the mid-1940s the bus transport industry registered 27 billion passenger miles annually. The popularity of this mode of transportation in turn spurred the success of terminal and service facilities of the time. Due to the increasing availability of personal-use vehicles, however, Americans increasingly traveled between cities in their own vehicles. According to the U.S. Department of Transportation, 98 percent of all passenger miles were traveled in personal vehicles (automobiles, motorcycles, and light-duty trucks) in 2001. From 1980 to 2001, transit and intercity bus and rail use increased by 10 billion passenger miles, or 23 percent, but that only accounted for 2 percent of all passenger miles. The percentage of people using rapid transit to commute to and from work held steady at 5 percent from 1990 to 2001.

The trend among publicly run regional transportation facilities moved toward intermodal transportation terminals that accommodated inter-city bus lines, passenger railroads, transit rail and buses, commuter rail, and subways all under one roof. Boston, San Francisco, and Atlanta designed intermodal facilities that made passenger travel more convenient. Acting as landlords, transportation authorities leased space to their terminal tenants. Another trend in ground transportation terminals focused on establishing a more customer-friendly ambiance and providing both passengers and city residents with a greater diversity of services. By the late 1990s, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey had transformed the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City, long associated with grime and criminal activity, into a shopping and entertainment center. Through aggressive marketing, the Port Authority attracted a host of upscale retailers and drug stores, coffee and pastry vendors, and florists. It also installed a new 30-lane bowling alley, patronized primarily by corporate leagues and local families. Other new developments focus on customer service. Oakland, California, installed a parking management program in a BART (Bus and Railway Transportation) District station in 2005 that alerted incoming car drivers about parking availability and allowed commuters to reserve a parking space by mobile phone or via the Internet.

Light rail services picked up in the early 2000s, with more than 1 billion miles traveled annually. New lines opened in Minneapolis and Houston, and a line in Pittsburgh reopened in 2004 after an 11-year shutdown. Memphis and Charlotte opened streetcar operations in 2004 and light rail in 2006. Fare revenue topped $225 million in 2004. Meanwhile, light rail service lines were being extended in Dallas and developed around Salt Lake City beginning in 2006.

Promising trends in the industry include development of commercially viable alternative fuel vehicles. Research into hydrogen fuel cells for buses, to cut energy costs and exhaust emissions, was expanded in 2006 with $49 million in federal grants.�The California Hydrogen Highway Network was established by that state's government in the summer of 2006. Three hydrogen fueling station demonstration projects were under development, and the state planned to lease and purchase more than a dozen hydrogen vehicles. Already, several hydrogen-fueled buses were in service and generating revenue in the state via AC Transit in Oakland and the SunLine Transit Agency serving Palm Springs and the Coachella Valley.

Hybrid Electric Buses (HEBs) have moved from development into commercial production and use. There were nearly 700 HEBs in regular service in North America in 2005-2006, operated by more than 40 transit agencies. Another 400 HEBs were operational in late 2006. The Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV), which can be renewed by plugging into a community electric grid to recharge the batteries, rather than the more typical hybrid method of using a gasoline or diesel engine to help keep batteries charged, were being demonstrated in Kansas City and North Hempstead, New York, in 2006.

Even as the Bush administration opposed new rail projects light rail projects and services were on the rise in city after city during 2007. After St. Louis added an additional eight miles and nine new stations ridership surpassed 2.3 million in the month of July 2007. Dallas began constructing 21 miles with an $80 million grant by the Federal Transit Administration, while Los Angeles was allocated $314 million in September 2007 from the California Transportation Commission for the initial phase of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority's Exposition Light Rail Project. Also, in Los Angeles, the Gold Line Eastside Extension project was underway as well as light rail stations. Elsewhere, Salt Lake City was investing $2 billion, in which the federal government was contributing 20 percent to add four new light rail lines and an extension of commuter rail service. Charlotte was able to go forward with its $462.7 million, 9.6 mile light rail project with the help of its citizens in the November election. "Charlotte demonstrates, once again, that, contrary to what transit critics in cities across the country try to portray, rail transit is growing, and it's being enthusiastically embraced by more and more communities across the country."

According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2008 County Business Patterns, there were 265 motor vehicle passenger terminals and maintenance facilities in the United States with industry-wide employment of 2,873 workers who earned annual wages of $92 million. Texas led the nation with 125 facilities employing 2,147 workers followed by Florida with 90 facilities and Illinois with 80 facilities.

Bus terminal and service facilities accounted for 24 percent of industry share in 2009, while terminal operations represented 28.3 percent in share. Maintenance facilities for motor vehicle passenger transport captured 24.7 percent in industry share and maintenance facilities for buses constituted 23 percent in share. The industry's 575 establishments collectively generated an estimated $227 in 2010 with industry-wide employment of 14,902 workers. On average, each establishment employed 28 workers who generated $8 million.

According to the American Public Transportation Association (APTA), U.S. public transportation provided 2.5 billion trips during the second quarter of 2010. This was good news for the industry since ridership has fallen since late 2008 as the economy struggled and unemployment soared. On a national level, for the second quarter of 2010 light rail demand grew 4.2 percent. Some areas even experienced double-digit growth such as New Orleans, Louisiana; Phoenix, Arizona; Seattle, Washington; and Portland, Oregon. Also, out of 27 commuter rail systems 13 noticed increased ridership. Ridership for the larger bus systems fell by 1.7 percent, while cities with populations of 100,000 or less ridership grew by 3.1 percent.

In August of 2010, construction began on the $4.2 billion five-story one million square foot Transbay Transit Center Project located in San Francisco, California. When completed, the Transbay Transit Center will house 11 different systems able to accommodate more than 45 million passengers annually, as well as a future high-speed rail terminus. The center will also include a sprawling 5.4 acre park on the roof. United States Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood referred to the transit center, slated to open in 2017 as "�one of the most important and transformational public transportation projects in America."

Elsewhere, VIA Metropolitan Transit purchased a tract of land for the Westside Multimodal Transit Center in San Antonio, Texas. In addition to the bus rapid transit terminal, they will also have 17 bus bays to support VIA's regularly scheduled bus service. The site will also provide access to Amtrak, inter-city bus service, and local taxi service. The site will serve as a station stop for the proposed Lone Star Rail commuter service between Austin and San Antonio.

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News and information about Terminal and Service Facilities for Motor Vehicle Passenger Transportation

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...guns and vehicles. He faces...interstate transportation of a stolen vehicle and unlawful...educational facilities, hotel...or spa, transportation terminal and video...store. The transportation terminal replaces the bus passenger terminal...and taxi ...
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...highways, Motor Vehicle Administration...Maryland Transportation Authority...to discuss transportation priorities...Deputy Transportation Secretary...and toll facilities to key projects...Shore Transit Facility with another...replacement of terminal doors at...Zoetis ...

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