Tire Cord and Fabrics

SIC 2296

Companies in this industry

Industry report:

This category covers establishments that produce cord and fabric of manmade fibers, cotton, glass, steel, or other materials used for reinforcing rubber tires, industrial belting, fuel cells, and similar applications. Manufacturers of coated fabrics that are not rubberized are covered under SIC 2295: Coated Fabrics, Not Rubberized. For discussion of weaving systems, refer to SIC 2211: Broadwoven Fabric Mills, Cotton.

Just 22 U.S. companies produced tire cord and fabrics for the $1.1 billion rubber tire industry in the late 2000s. This industry employed 3,477 people in 2007, including 2,911 production workers. North Carolina, Tennessee, and Georgia were the top three states in terms of numbers employed in the industry in 2009.

While some tire cord was made with steel in the early 2000s, most tire reinforcement came from such synthetic materials as nylon, polyester, and rayon fiber. Of the 744 million tons of manmade fiber used as tire reinforcement worldwide in the 1990s, 57 percent was nylon, nearly 24 percent was polyester, and approximately 19 percent was rayon. In North America, the 165 million tons of manmade fiber used in the 1990s was 55 percent polyester, 43 percent nylon, and 2 percent rayon.

Specifications for tire cord were generally dictated by the type of tire made. The three most common types of tires were radial, bias, and high performance. In the United States, radial tires held about 90 percent of the market in the early 1990s, but high-performance tires became increasingly popular. Production demands for tire cord fabric were directly related to the number of new cars and trucks sold, as well as the need for replacement tires on existing automobiles and trucks.

The manufacture of tire cord fabrics involved two general processing steps: twisting and weaving. In the twisting process, two or three ends of the tire cord material are twisted together to form a two- or three-ply yarn. The plied yarn then goes through a second round of twisting called cabling, in which two or three strands of the plied yarn are twisted together to form 2/2, 2/3, 3/2, or 3/3 cabled yarn. During weaving, the cabled tire cord serves as the warp or lengthwise yarn in the tire cord fabric. Tire cord makers use a light cotton thread to form the filling or crosswise yarn in the fabric. This lightweight yarn, which holds the cabled tire cord in place, dissolves during the rubberizing process, leaving only lengthwise strands of tire cord in the fabric.

Due to the economic downturn and the shutdown of major U.S. auto makers in the late 2000s, tire sales declined significantly. According to the Rubber Manufacturers Association, after peaking at 321 million units in 2000, tire shipments were expected to drop to 237 million units in 2009, a decrease of 16 percent from 2008. The original equipment passenger tire segment of the industry was predicted to see a 46 percent drop in 2009, reaching only 21 million units. Meanwhile, Chinese imports of tires continued to rise, accounting for 16.3 percent, 18.0 percent, and 23.6 percent, respectively, of the passenger, light truck, and truck tire shipments in 2008.

Among companies whose primary products were tire cord and tire cord fabrics, Amercord Inc. of Lumber City, Georgia, was one of the largest in 2000, but the company suffered the fate of many suppliers to American auto companies when General Motors closed the company and sold off its assets in 2001. In 2008, Performance Fibers of Richmond, Virginia, purchased the tire cord business of former competitor INVISTA, which operated four plants in the United States and Mexico.

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News and information about Tire Cord and Fabrics

Tire Cord and Fabrics Market to Top $6 Billion
Rubber World; December 1, 2016; 530 words
The tire cord and fabrics market is forecast to reach $6.4 billion by 2024, according...in the automotive industry is the major factor for the global tire cord and fabrics market size. U.S., India, Japan, China and South Korea...
Transparency Market Research Reports Tire Cord and Fabrics Markets
Travel & Leisure Close-Up; August 11, 2014; 700+ words
According to a new report published by Transparency Market Research "Tire Cord and Tire Fabrics (Steel, Polyester, Nylon, Rayon and Other Products) Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast, - 2020", the global demand for the tire cords and tire fabrics was valued
Transparency Market Research Updates on Tire Cord and Fabrics Markets
Entertainment Close-up; August 17, 2014; 700+ words
According to a new report published by Transparency Market Research "Tire Cord and Tire Fabrics (Steel, Polyester, Nylon, Rayon and Other Products) Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast, - 2020", the global demand for the tire cords and tire fabrics was valued
Dipping system resin.(BROCHURES)
Rubber World; November 1, 2011; 195 words
...conjunction with standard resorcinol-formaldehyde-latex aqueous adhesive systems to promote adhesion to polyester tire cord and fabrics. (Indspec Chemical) www.indspec-chem.com
Tire cord dipping systems.(Brochures)
Rubber World; September 1, 2011; 280 words
...with standard resorcinol-formaldehyde-latex (RFL) aqueous adhesive systems to promote adhesion to polyester tire cord and fabrics. The dispersion can be used either as an additive to an RFL single step dip system for adhesive activated polyester...
Research and Markets Adds Report: Tire Cord and Tire Fabrics Market - Global Forecast, - 2020
Manufacturing Close-Up; August 19, 2014; 392 words
...Markets has added "Tire Cord and Tire Fabrics Market - Global Forecast...rubber, carbon black, cord fabric, steel and different chemicals. Tire cords are reinforcing materials in the tire, providing it with...These also help to keep tires in shape in ...
Transparency Market Research Reports Tire Cord and Fabrics Markets
Travel & Leisure Close-Up; August 11, 2014; 700+ words
...to high demand for tire cord and tire fabric materials...augurs well for the tire cord and tire fabric market. The revival...and polyester tire cords as these materials...growth in global tire cord and tire fabrics market, it is ...
Transparency Market Research Updates on Tire Cord and Fabrics Markets
Entertainment Close-up; August 17, 2014; 700+ words
...to high demand for tire cord and tire fabric materials...augurs well for the tire cord and tire fabric market. The revival...and polyester tire cords as these materials...growth in global tire cord and tire fabrics market, it is ...

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