Pleating, Decorative and Novelty Stitching, and Tucking for the Trade

SIC 2395

Industry report:

The establishments covered in this category are engaged in pleating, decorative and novelty stitching, and tucking for the trade. Establishments primarily engaged in performing similar services for individuals are classified in service industries. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing trimmings are classified in SIC 2396: Automotive Trimmings, Apparel Findings, and Related Products. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing Schiffli machine embroideries are classified in SIC 2397: Schiffli Machine Embroideries.

In the late 2000s, most of the companies in this diverse category were small, private corporations with fewer than 20 workers. Employees of these establishments produced art needlework, quilted fabrics or cloth, Swiss loom embroideries, machine-made crochet ware, and sequined embroideries. Companies in this industry also made various products for the trade, including appliqueing, buttonhole making, eyelet making, hemstitching, looping, permanent pleating and pressing, pleating, ruffling, and scalloping.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in 2007 there were 2,236 establishments engaged in manufacturing miscellaneous textile products, with 38,364 employees earning $1.1 billion in annual payroll. The value of shipped goods in this category was $4.7 billion in 2007 a significant drop from the $8.9 billion in 2005.

In 2009, Dun and Bradstreet reported that California employed the most workers in the pleating and stitching category. Other states that employed large numbers of workers in this industry included Texas, Florida, New York, and New Jersey. California was also the top state in terms of revenues for pleating and stitching, with $194.9 million, followed by Texas with $154.7 million, Florida with $123.4 million, and Minnesota with $103.7 million.

Morning Sun Inc. of Fife, Washington, was one of the largest firms that did pleating and decorative and novelty stitching as its primary business. Like many companies that competed in this segment, Morning Sun was engaged in fabric screen printing and embroidering. Morning Sun had 450 employees and annual sales of roughly $31 million in the mid-2000s.

Other leaders in the category included Caliendo-Savio Enterprises Inc. of New Berlin, Wisconsin, with 90 employees and sales of $26 million in the mid-2000s; Embroideries Inc. (a subsidiary of Monroe, Louisiana-based E.J.J. Inc.) with 150 employees and estimated sales of $36 million; Fabri Quilt Inc. of North Kansas City, Missouri, with 190 employees and sales of $5.3 million; and Jacksonville, Florida-based Wyla Inc. (formerly Wyla Laces), with 30 employees and sales of $2.4 million.

As the first decade of the twenty-first century neared a close, this sector of the textile industry, like others, was being severely challenged by imports from overseas manufacturers, especially those in China. The U.S. Federal Reserve reported in January 2008 that the output of U.S. textile mills fell more than 12 percent in 2007, the sharpest drop in 25 years. Two years later, the situation was no better. In July 2009, just-style.com reported that output from U.S. textile mills was "on a steady and fast decline." Meanwhile, textile imports from China continued to increase, despite efforts by the U.S. government to limit the damage through trade agreements. In 2008, China accounted for approximately 41 percent of the U.S. import market in textiles and apparel. Other countries that were seeing increasing growth in textile imports to the United States were Vietnam and Bangladesh.

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