Marking Devices

SIC 3953

Companies in this industry

Industry report:

This category covers establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing stencils for use in painting or marking or in the production of steel letters and figures, rubber and metal hand-stamps, dies, and seals. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing felt tip markers are covered in SIC 3951: Pens, Mechanical Pencils, and Parts.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, this industry shipped $648 million in products in 2009, down from $651 million in 2008. Approximately 389 establishments operated in the category in 2010. Companies in this industry tended to be small in size, with about 95 percent employing fewer than 100 workers. One of the larger companies in the early 2010s was Deluxe Corp. of Shoreview, Minnesota, with sales in all divisions of more than $1.4 billion and employment of 5,765 in 2010.

The design for several of the devices in this category date from antiquity and have changed very little over the centuries, although technological innovations have made a key difference in some cases. The introduction of the mass-production automobile assembly line, for instance, led to notable advances in die-casting technology and to the very precise formation of even the tiniest metal parts.

The introduction of stenciling has been dated to eighth century China, and this technique of reproducing designs has long been deemed well-suited for metal or cardboard cuts to produce simple shapes. Only with the introduction of silk-screen printing, however, was it possible to overcome the inherent limitations of stencils' great simplicity. The stencil, for instance, does not permit the reproduction of one design enclosing another (as in the case of a figure eight), unless it is halved to prevent the necessarily unattached central sections from dropping out. The fine meshes used in silk screen printing were substantial enough to support the unattached elements of a stencil without posing a barrier to the passage of the dye or paint being forced through a water-soluble glue into the desired design. A variant to this blockout-stencil or glue-cut-out-stencil method was the film-stencil method, whereby designs were cut into a colored lacquer laminated to a sheet of glassine paper, so the whole assemblage could be mounted on a screen before the removal of the uncut paper backing and subsequent printing.

The technological advances made by computers transformed many features of office life in the United States at the end of the twentieth century, including the use of certain numbering and lettering devices. Although the modern office had no use for certain types of marking devices, such age-old implements as hand presses, stamps, and seals, were still widely used as a means of officially marking paperwork of various sorts. The increasing automation of offices gave a new lease on life to such marking devices. Highly sophisticated photocopying machines, for instance, reproduced documents with such great accuracy that forgeries were easily made in the absence of a physical impression left by the impact of a notary public's or government official's seal.

The industry was relatively stable through the late 1990s and into the first decade of the 2000s, with shipment values peaking at nearly $690 million in 1999. However, by 2005 this number dropped 30 percent to $481 million before rebounding in 2007 to $618 million. The number of employees in the industry also decreased during that time, falling 23 percent from 7,454 workers in 1999 to 5,754 workers in 2005 and to 4,896 in 2007. At the beginning of the 2010s, employment continued to fall. Employment in the office supplies (except paper) manufacturing, of which the marking device industry was a part, dropped from 15,438 in 2008 to 13,186 in 2009, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.

Production of marking devices represented a relatively small sector of the U.S. manufacturing industry in the early 2010s. Like many other manufacturing businesses, imports were higher than exports. In 2010 the industry imported $70.2 million in products, whereas exports were worth only $28.6 million, according to Supplier Relations U.S. LLC.

© COPYRIGHT 2018 The Gale Group, Inc. This material is published under license from the publisher through the Gale Group, Farmington Hills, Michigan. All inquiries regarding rights should be directed to the Gale Group. For permission to reuse this article, contact the Copyright Clearance Center.

News and information about Marking Devices

Uspto Issues Trademark: Profimark Profinet for Marking Devices
US Fed News Service, Including US State News; May 2, 2014; 386 words
...May 2 -- The trademark PROFIMARK PROFINET FOR MARKING DEVICES (Reg. No. 4520907) was issued on April 29 by the...in large blue letters placed above "PROFINET FOR MARKING DEVICES" in gray; a curved blue line is placed underneath...
US Patent Issued to CertusView Technologies on Aug. 4 for "Methods and Marking Devices with Mechanisms for Indicating And/or Detecting Marking Material Color" (Florida Inventors)
US Fed News Service, Including US State News; August 5, 2015; 401 words
...LLC (Palm Beach Gardens, Fla.)."Methods and marking devices with mechanisms for indicating and/or detecting...U.S. Patent & Trademark Office: "Methods and marking devices for indicating and/or detecting a color of marking...
US Patent Issued to Somark Innovations on Feb. 9 for "Animal Marking Devices, Transfer Assemblies, and Useful Restraints" (California Inventors)
US Fed News Service, Including US State News; February 10, 2016; 479 words
...Patent no. 9,253,963, issued on Feb. 9, was assigned to Somark Innovations Inc. (San Diego)."Animal marking devices, transfer assemblies, and useful restraints" was invented by Ramos M. Mays (La Jolla, Calif.), Mark C. Pydynowski...
WIPO ASSIGNS PATENT TO CERTUSVIEW TECHNOLOGIES FOR "MARKER DETECTION MECHANISMS FOR USE IN MARKING DEVICES AND METHODS OF USING SAME" (AMERICAN INVENTORS)
US Fed News Service, Including US State News; May 12, 2011; 416 words
...DETECTION MECHANISMS FOR USE IN MARKING DEVICES AND METHODS OF USING SAME...Intellectual Property Organization: "Marking devices (100) for dispensing a marking...marking methods are provided. The marking devices and marking methods use one or...
US Patent Issued to Certusview Technologies on April 23 for "Marker Detection Mechanisms for Use in Marking Devices and Methods of Using Same" (Florida Inventors)
US Fed News Service, Including US State News; April 23, 2013; 459 words
...detection mechanisms for use in marking devices and methods of using same" was...Patent & Trademark Office: "Marking devices for dispensing a marking substance...marking methods are provided. The marking devices and marking methods use one or...
WIPO ASSIGNS PATENT TO CERTUSVIEW TECHNOLOGIES FOR "METHODS AND MARKING DEVICES WITH MECHANISMS FOR INDICATING AND/OR DETECTING MARKING MATERIAL COLOR" (AMERICAN INVENTORS)
US Fed News Service, Including US State News; February 26, 2011; 345 words
...Feb. 24. Title of the invention: "METHODS AND MARKING DEVICES WITH MECHANISMS FOR INDICATING AND/OR DETECTING...Intellectual Property Organization: "Methods and marking devices for indicating and/or detecting a color of marking...
US Patent Issued to Xerox on Nov. 20 for "Color Management Methods and Systems to Adaptively Tune Colors for Image Marking Devices" (New York Inventors)
US Fed News Service, Including US State News; November 25, 2012; 375 words
...Methods and Systems to Adaptively Tune Colors for Image Marking Devices" was invented by Lalit Keshav Mestha (Fairport...systems to adaptively tune colors for one or more image marking devices. Specifically, exemplary embodiments include methods...
WIPO ASSIGNS PATENT TO SOMARK INNOVATIONS FOR "ANIMAL MARKING DEVICES, TRANSFER ASSEMBLIES, AND USEFUL RESTRAINTS" (AMERICAN INVENTORS)
US Fed News Service, Including US State News; March 13, 2011; 433 words
...GENEVA, March 13 -- Publication No. WO/2011/028926 was published on March 10. Title of the invention: "ANIMAL MARKING DEVICES, TRANSFER ASSEMBLIES, AND USEFUL RESTRAINTS." Applicants: SOMARK INNOVATIONS INC. (US). Inventors: Ramos...

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