Laboratory Apparatus and Furniture

SIC 3821

Industry report:

Establishments in this industry are primarily engaged in manufacturing laboratory apparatus and furniture. The main products of this industry include baths and melting point apparatus, laboratory furniture such as furnaces and ovens, component parts and accessories for instruments, and centrifuges.

The markets for the laboratory apparatus and furniture manufacturers industry tend to be technologically advanced. The industry is stable domestically, with a small but growing market for international trade, given the global nature of many of its markets. The steady increase has been attributed to growth in exports and to an increase in medical and scientific research. Other driving forces behind this trend included technology, geographic expansion, and diversification of product range.

Total shipment values for the industry increased steadily during the late 1990s and early years of the first decade of the 2000s, rising from $2.33 billion in 1998 to $2.78 billion in 2001. By 2002, shipment values rocketed to $4.2 billion, an increase of 34 percent, and this growth continued, with shipment values exceeding $5 billion in the late years of the decade.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there were more than 400 establishments in the late 2000s, employing approximately 20,000 workers receiving a payroll of more than $1 billion. Establishments generally were small in both size and sales volume when compared to the entire manufacturing industry. Of the companies within the industry, only 10 percent had more than 500 employees, and less than 20 percent employed more than 100 people. Overall shipments for the industry were valued at about $5.72 billion. Value of shipments for the entire medical equipment and supplies manufacturing industry, of which laboratory apparatus and furniture were a part, topped $84.5 billion in 2009.

Employment levels were relatively stable in the early 2000s. The industry's workforce, which totaled 23,740 employees in 2002, slipped by only 4 percent by 2004, to 22,693. In the mid-2000s, an uncertain economy necessitated cost-cutting and streamlining, which resulted in a decline in workforce to 20,778 in 2006. However, employment for the medical equipment and supplies manufacturing industry as a whole was predicted to increase by about 6.3 percent annually from 2008 to 2018, with a workforce of 359,500 expected by 2018.

Bio-Rad Laboratories Inc. of Hercules, California, was one of the industry leaders in the early 2010s, with annual sales of more than $1.9 billion and 6,880 employees. Bio-Rad was a global company, although more than two-thirds of its sales came from the United States. Other large companies that had divisions that contributed significantly to this industry included Abbott Laboratories of Abbott Park, Illinois; Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics Inc. of Deerfield, Illinois; and Thermo-Fisher Scientific Inc. of Waltham, Massachusetts.

The industry was divided into three categories by the U.S. Census Bureau: hospital beds, hospital furniture, and laboratory apparatus and furniture. Hospital beds accounted for about 18 percent of the market in the mid-2000s, while hospital furniture--which includes operating room furniture (excluding beds and chairs) along with cases, chart racks, back rests, and bassinets (excluding beds, operating room furniture, and patient room furniture)--comprised a comparable 11 percent. Meanwhile, the laboratory apparatus and furniture segment accounted for 62 percent of 2005 shipment values.

The export market for this industry was not dominated by any one country, although Canada, Mexico, and Japan were strong trading partners. Asia was a major market in the 2000s, due to general increased spending after the depressed markets of the late 1990s, and spending on scientific and medical research in particular.

Research and development (R&D) spending, both by industry and the federal government, drives this market. Spending for medical and scientific research led to an increase in revenue that continued into the 2000s, with demand for efficiency and automation, as well as new product testing, spurring industry growth. In addition, environmental R&D spending was expected to increase.

New apparatus needs, along with a concurrent need to make laboratory costs more efficient, increased several product lines in this industry. Autosamplers, which separate chemicals within a liquid sample, were in high demand as environmental, pharmaceutical, and biological applications increased.

For medical labs, i-STAT developed a handheld blood analyzer that could perform many common blood tests with just a few drops of blood in less than two minutes, keeping labs efficient and reducing the number of resources used to conduct tests. In July 2006, i-STAT developed another unique device called the BNP (brain natriuretic peptide) cartridge that could assess congestive heart failure during emergency room visits. Increased research on new pharmaceuticals and an expanding health care industry worldwide fueled much of the product development research in the late 2000s and early 2010s.

As with most other industries, the laboratory apparatus and furniture industry continued to develop products that were automated for efficiency and cost-effectiveness. The effort to control laboratory costs resulted in numerous product developments that also benefitted the environment.

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News and information about Laboratory Apparatus and Furniture

Research and Markets Adds: 2012 U.S. Medical Equipment and Supplies Mfg. Industry-Industry & Market Report.
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...in manufacturing medical equipment and supplies. Examples of products made by these establishments are laboratory apparatus and furniture, surgical and medical instruments, surgical appliances and supplies, dental equipment and supplies...
Table 5. Producer price indexes for the net output of selected industries and their products, not seasonally adjusted.(Part 4)(Table)
PPI Detailed Report; April 1, 2007; 700+ words
...3391 Medical equipment & supplies mfg 33911 Laboratory apparatus and furniture mfg 339111 Primary products 339111-P Laboratory apparatus and furniture 339111-8 Laboratory apparatus 339111...
Table 5. Producer price indexes for the net output of selected industries and their products, not seasonally adjusted.(Part 4)
PPI Detailed Report; December 1, 2006; 700+ words
...337920-M Miscellaneous mfg 339 Medical equipment & supplies mfg 3391 Medical equipment & supplies mfg 33911 Laboratory apparatus and furniture 339111 Primary products 339111-P Laboratory apparatus 339111-1 Laboratory furniture 339111-2 Secondary...
Research and Markets Adds Report: Medical Instrument & Supply Manufacturing in the US.(Report)
Health & Beauty Close-Up; August 8, 2008; 366 words
...in manufacturing medical equipment and supplies. Examples of products made by these establishments are laboratory apparatus and furniture, surgical and medical instruments, surgical appliances and supplies, dental equipment and supplies...
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PPI Detailed Report; July 1, 2009; 662 words
...Motor vehicle seating and interior trim manufacturing 336510 Railroad rolling stock manufacturing 339111 Laboratory apparatus and furniture manufacturing 339911 Jewelry, except costume, manufacturing 339914 Costume jewelry and novelty manufacturing...
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US Fed News Service, Including US State News; January 25, 2018; 700+ words
...alarms; Audio dubbing apparatus; Bark control devices...Biometric identification apparatus; Capacitive styluses...testing apparatus; Laboratory furniture; Laminar flow biological...safety cabinet hoods for laboratory use; Laser-beam...
Supply of Laboratory Furniture with Installation
Mena Report; May 16, 2015; 577 words
...Contract notice: Supply of laboratory furniture with installation...supply of laboratory furniture: safety cabinets...pc.) And tables of apparatus perimeter (2 pcs...Hereinafter referred to as furniture. Offered furniture...

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