Minerals and Earths, Ground or Otherwise Treated

SIC 3295

Companies in this industry

Industry report:

This category includes establishments operating without a mine or quarry and primarily engaged in crushing, grinding, pulverizing, or otherwise preparing clay, ceramic, and refractory minerals; barite; and miscellaneous nonmetallic minerals, excluding fuels. These minerals are the crude products mined by establishments of Industry Groups 145 (clay, ceramic, and refractory minerals) and 149 (miscellaneous nonmetallic minerals, except fuels), and by those mining barite in SIC 1479: Chemical and Fertilizer Mineral Mining, Not Elsewhere Classified. Also included in this category are establishments primarily crushing slag and preparing roofing granules. The improvement or preparation of the minerals and metallic ores and the cleaning and grading of coal are classified in Mining, whether or not the operation is associated with a mine.

Products in this classification include barium, blast furnace slag, clay for petroleum refining, ground clay, activated clay desiccants, diatomaceous earth, filtering clays, Fuller's earth, kaolin, black lead, mica, pulverized earth, pumice roofing granules, talc, and vermiculite. The value of shipments in this industry tended to spike up and down throughout the 1980s and early 1990s, dropping as low as $1.17 billion in 1985 and rising as high as $1.85 billion in 1993. Fluctuations continued into the late 1990s and early 2000s, as shipments of $2.26 billion in 1997 fell to $2.11 billion in 1999, climbed to $2.18 billion in 2000, and fell to $2.12 billion in 2001. By the mid-2000s, shipments remained inconsistent from year to year. Industry revenues rose from $2.34 billion in 2005, to $2.68 billion in 2006, then dipped to $2.61 billion in 2007. In 2008, shipments were valued at $2.64 billion.

No single product dominates this industry, with no product taking more than 15 percent of the market. Lightweight aggregate holds the largest share of the market, followed closely by crushed slag, dead-burned magnesia, and natural graphite. A wide range of other materials and earths holds the remaining share of the market. Kaolin was one of the biggest products within the industry in both intake and output, being an ingredient in several products. Once the kaolin was processed, it was sent to many industries with a wide range of products. The biggest consumer in the 2000s was the fiberglass industry. Rubber and elastomeric industries took the next highest share, followed by sanitaryware and filler or extender, refractories, dinnerware, ceramic tile, and electrical porcelain.

The products produced by this industry tended to have a relatively low value compared to their weight. As a result of weight, truck transportation, warehousing, and rail transportation accounted for the highest percentage of the inputs used by the minerals and earths industry by the middle of the decade. The raw materials accounted for the next highest percentage of all inputs. The power required to process ground mineral and earth products were also important inputs, with gas and electric utilities accounting for another high percentage of all inputs.

The production of ground minerals and earths was concentrated in five states, with Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, Louisiana, and California accounting for more than one-third of all product shipments in the mid-2000s. Pennsylvania was the largest single producing state engaged in this industry. According Dun and Bradstreet, about 400 establishments were engaged in this industry as of 2009.

In 2010, the leading companies in the ground minerals and earths industry included Minerals Technologies Inc. of New York; privately owned Edward C. Levy Co. of Detroit, Michigan; International Mill Service of Horsham, Pennsylvania; and Cargill Inc. of Carlsbad, New Mexico. Many companies operated out of the Southeastern and Midwestern United States, where abundant supplies of clay (kaolin) were located.

This industry employed far fewer people by the mid-2000s with a total of 6,400 in 2008. The total industry payroll was just over $354.9 million in 2008, down from $368 million at the turn of the century. Cost of materials for the industry totaled $1.27 billion in 2008, up from $1.16 billion the year prior.

In the late 2000s, the industry as a whole was battling declining demand due to a weak housing market and an overall sluggish economy. For example, production of kaolin dropped from 7.8 million tons in 2005 to 5.2 million tons in 2009. At the same time, prices of many commodities within this category increased. For example, the price of kaolin increased from an average of $110 per ton in 2005 to $143 per ton in 2009.

© COPYRIGHT 2018 The Gale Group, Inc. This material is published under license from the publisher through the Gale Group, Farmington Hills, Michigan. All inquiries regarding rights should be directed to the Gale Group. For permission to reuse this article, contact the Copyright Clearance Center.

News and information about Minerals and Earths, Ground or Otherwise Treated

Research and Markets Adds Report: Ground or Treated Mineral and Earth Manufacturing Industry in the U.S. and Its International Trade [2012 Q3 Edition]"
Travel & Leisure Close-Up; October 5, 2012; 647 words
...Subsector (327), and the Manufacturing Sector (31-33). Its SIC equivalent code is: 3295 - Minerals and Earths, Ground or Otherwise Treated (except grinding, washing, separating, etc. of nonmetallic minerals). The industry's revenue...
Resampling of industries.
PPI Detailed Report; January 1, 2005; 700+ words
...327215 Glass products made of purchased glass 327410 Lime 327991 Cut stone and stone products 327992 Minerals and earths ground or otherwise treated 331111 Iron and steel mills 331210 Iron and steel pipe and tube manufacturing from purchased steel...
Gypsum buyers feel pressure.
Purchasing; May 6, 1999; 700+ words
...38 3.53 Key materials Paperboard liners 110.4 96.8 95.9 -0.94 -13.15 Nonmetallic minerals and earths, ground or otherwise treated 114.0 115.0 115.4 0.32 1.20 Crushed or broken stone, including cement rock, limestone...
Research and Markets Adds Report: Ground or Treated Mineral and Earth Manufacturing Industry in the U.S. and Its International Trade [2012 Q3 Edition]"
Travel & Leisure Close-Up; October 5, 2012; 647 words
...new report "Ground or Treated Mineral and Earth Manufacturing...burning, or otherwise processing beyond...and refractory minerals, barite, and...nonmetallic minerals. This 6-digit...Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing...Minerals and Earths, Ground or ...
Resampling of industries.
PPI Detailed Report; January 1, 2005; 700+ words
...327215 Glass products made of purchased glass 327410 Lime 327991 Cut stone and stone products 327992 Minerals and earths ground or otherwise treated 331111 Iron and steel mills 331210 Iron and steel pipe and tube manufacturing from purchased steel...
Gypsum buyers feel pressure.
Purchasing; May 6, 1999; 700+ words
...February 1998 to February 1999 as costs for ground nonmetallic minerals and earths likewise jumped a mere 1.2%. Heat...95.9 -0.94 -13.15 Nonmetallic minerals and earths, ground or otherwise treated 114.0 115.0 115.4 0.32 1.20...
Producer Price Indexes-July 2015
PPI Detailed Report; July 1, 2015; 700+ words
...products 327991-S Ground or treated minerals and earths 327992 mfg Primary...P Minerals and earths, ground or 327992-0 treated Treated lightweight...minerals and earths Other minerals and earths, 327992...miscellaneous receipts ...
Table 5. Producer price indexes for the net output of selected industries and their products, not seasonally adjusted.(Part 3)(Statistical table)
PPI Detailed Report; October 1, 2008; 700+ words
...other nonmetallic mineral 32799 12/03...327991-S 12/84 Ground or treated minerals and earths mfg 327992 06...327992-P 06/85 Minerals and earths, ground or treated 327992-0 06...receipts 327992-SM Mineral wool manufacturing...

Search all articles about Minerals and Earths, Ground or Otherwise Treated