Poultry Hatcheries

SIC 0254

Companies in this industry

Industry report:

This category includes establishments primarily engaged in operating poultry hatcheries on their own account or on a contract or fee basis.

This is a small industry, with approximately 1,000 establishments operating primarily as poultry hatcheries in the United States. This number fell from the late 1990s due in part to massive vertically integrated operations that produce chickens in great quantities and raise them from hatchery to slaughterhouse. As this industry is highly automated, most operations have a small staff. Over three-fourths of all poultry hatcheries employ fewer than five workers. The remainder of the establishments maintain staffs of various sizes.

In 2009, U.S. hatcheries produced 9.12 billion broiler-type chicks, down 4 percent from 2008. However, egg-type chicks hatched during this period increased to 468 million, up slightly from 2008. Turkey poults (very young turkeys) hatched during 2009 dropped 8 percent to 282 million hatched. Georgia, Alabama, and Arkansas, respectively, produced the most broiler-type chicks in 2009; Indiana, Iowa, and Pennsylvania led with the most egg-type chicks hatched. There were 317 chicken hatcheries in 2010, down from 319 in 2009, with a total incubator capacity of 898.2 million, down from 903.8 million 2008. More than one-half of the incubator capacity was located in South Central United States and another one-third of the capacity was located in the Atlantic Central region. Turkey hatcheries numbered 51 in 2010, down from 53 in 2009, with incubator capacity of 38.3 million, down from 39.3 million in 2008. The combined value of production from chicken broilers, eggs, turkeys, and sales of chickens in 2009 produced a combined value of $31.6 billion. Of the total, broilers accounted for 69 percent, eggs for 19 percent, turkeys for 11 percent, and sales of chickens for less than 1 percent.

A few companies controlled the majority of the hatchery market in the early 2010s. These were mainly giant, vertically integrated operations that had multiple interests in the poultry business. Many hatcheries were family-run operations, with a majority making between $100,000 and $250,000 in annual revenues. Many of these smaller businesses produced chicks on a contract basis for the large poultry companies.

Founded in 1916, Cobb-Vantress, Inc, headquartered in Siloam Springs, Arkansas, is the country's oldest poultry breeding company. In 2010 the company was a global leader in broiler breeding, employing over 1,700. Cobb-Vantress is owned by poultry giant Tyson Foods, Inc., purchased in 1994. The largest poultry producer by revenue, Tyson is a vertically integrated operation with $26.9 billion in sales in 2007. Tyson, based in Springdale, Arkansas, employs 120,000 people across the United States and Mexico and operates 54 hatcheries.

Pilgrim's Pride Corp. of Pittsburg, Texas, became the nation's largest chicken company with its December 2006 purchase in of Gold Kist, another leading chicken producer. In 2009, the company reported total revenues of $7.1 billion and employed 41,000 people.

Another industry leader is the private company Perdue Inc., based in Salisbury, Maryland, with $4.6 billion in sales in 2009, making it the third largest poultry company in the United States. Foster Farms, a California-based company, generated $2.0 billion in revenues annually through its highly diverse operations that includes hatcheries.

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News and information about Poultry Hatcheries

US Patent Issued to the United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of Agriculture on Oct. 23 for "Variable Stage Humidity Control System for Poultry Hatcheries" (Mississippi, Iowa Inventors)
US Fed News Service, Including US State News; October 24, 2012; 392 words
...America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture (Washington). "Variable Stage Humidity Control System for Poultry Hatcheries" was invented by Joseph L. Purswell (Starkville, Miss.), Berry D. Lott (Starkville, Miss.) and Matthew...
Iowa's poultry hatcheries cheer airline's move to ease temperature rules.
Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News; August 26, 2004; 700+ words
...Iowa Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News Aug. 26--HAZLETON, Iowa -- The financial stability of Iowa's poultry hatcheries improved Tuesday as Northwest Airlines announced it will ease temperature restrictions when it comes to shipping...
Info-Prod Research (Middle East); March 31, 2002; 250 words
A-Sharq Al-Awsat newspaper provided details on the implementation of a project of the Saudi Taasil Hatcheries in the Zaid District of Sharjah. The paper quoted the Chairman of the Board of the Saudi Company, Dr. Abdullah bin Thanyan, who told the paper in February 2002 that the project, which
Laws Are Strict on Taking Wild Turkey Eggs and Releasing Pen-Raised Turkeys
US Fed News Service, Including US State News; April 14, 2017; 700+ words
...SCDNR receives is related to purchasing "wild" strain turkeys offered for sale by many of the large mail order poultry hatcheries. Ruth said that since it is unlawful to import into the state any wild turkey, it is not legal to have these birds...
Preventive Measures to Check Avian Influenza Stressed
The New Nation (Dhaka, India); February 26, 2016; 591 words
...livestock department and other law enforcers to check any kind of adverse impact in this sector.Owners of the poultry hatcheries should also be brought under the close supervision and monitoring network of the Department of Livestock.He also...
M'giri Admn Boosts Backyard Poultry Farming
The Pioneer; August 23, 2016; 483 words
...eggs for supply to the interested entrepreneurs at an affordable cost.Currently, the department is running 46 poultry hatcheries across the State and producing about one lakh chicks per month.These chicks are supplied for backyard poultry...
Hatcheries Say They'l Stop Killing Male Chicks Using Practice of 'Culling'
The Washington Post; June 12, 2016; 700+ words
Daily at U.S. poultry hatcheries, the fluffy male chicks just born to egg-laying hens are gruesomely killed - usually by being run, while conscious, through...
Sindh Seeks British Help to Rehabilitate Sukkur Barrage
The Nation (Karachi, Pakistan); January 6, 2017; 700+ words
...especially work on the water supply scheme. The livestock and fisheries secretary said that a scheme for expansion of poultry hatcheries and backyard farming, including poultry controlled atmosphere shed, had been launched at the cost of Rs247.376...

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